The Cretan diet favors fruits, vegetables and fish. it emphasize as well the role monounsaturated fatty acid in the prevention of coronary heart disease
Why is the Cretan diet a healthy diet?
In 1956, Ancel Keys, an epidemiologist and biochemist, initiated a study to compare eating habits in seven different countries.
This revealed that Cretans had a longer life expectancy than average and that the rate of coronary heart disease was relatively low .
A few years later, Professor Serge Renaud *, then research director National Institute of Health and Medical Research in France, and his team, confirmed these conclusions after having conducted a study of 600 people having previously had coronary problems.
This revealed that the Cretan diet reduced the risk of recurrent heart attacks by more than 70%, cardiac deaths by 76% and cancer risks by 61%.
Indeed, this diet can increase the level of good cholesterol (HDL) and lower those of total cholesterol and bad cholesterol (LDL).
The Cretan regime in practice
The Cretan diet is rich in omega 3 and vitamin E, based on a lot of olive oil, nuts, fruits rich in vitamin C, raw or cooked seasonal vegetables, cereals (rice, soy, quinoa ...), wholemeal or grain bread, fibers (prune, dried apricot, lentil, cooked artichoke, cooked white or red bean ...), fatty fish 2 or 3 times a week, crustaceans, poultry ( hen, turkey, guinea fowl, duck, goose ...), , very little or no red meat and cold meats, no cow's milk, no butter replaced by margarine made from olive oil or rapeseed oil.
In the Cretan diet, seasonal fruits and vegetables have a place of choice. Indeed they are present at all meals and can be consumed both raw and cooked.
Fibers also play an important role in the Cretan diet, so you have to eat them regularly.
The Cretan diet, Prof Serge Renaud Éditions_Odile_Jacob